How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is certainly one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots back to those prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and began burrowing into the bottom. In the many millennia since, mining has grown into one of the world’s most necessary and widespread commercial enterprises, with operations unfold throughout the globe while tasked with recovering an virtually inexhaustible list of useful commodities.
In reality, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise had been recovered in 2018, up from 11.3 billion metric tons in 2000 and nearly double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian international locations accounted for 58 percent of the 2018 production, with North America second at 15.1 %, adopted by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.8 percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) were the most prolific producers, with their whole fifty one.1 p.c of manufacturing greater than the remainder of the world combined.
This signifies that the mining trade is a powerful one, with solid progress anticipated to proceed in the coming years in many areas of the world. It additionally implies that mining operations will continue to rely on pumping applied sciences that offer strong, dependable, and safe service in numerous crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why constructive displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps may be the best choice for many of those purposes.
While mining may seem like nothing more than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy equipment or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, actually, many advanced and typically delicate operations that must be performed correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest level of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping know-how that may operate reliably in harsh and distant locations, even when submerged, or when tasked with handling particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive merchandise, and in addition one that is able to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps must even be gentle enough to be manually moved from location to location within the mine itself.
For many years, a popular alternative for use in these situations was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are able to create the excessive flow charges which are required, they’ve a selection of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining functions: an incapability to self-prime or run dry; special seals needed to forestall leaks; particular linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of as a lot as 1,800 rpm; and comparatively high maintenance necessities and costs, especially when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another in style choice has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they’ve a quantity of operational shortcomings. These embody an inability to constantly handle liquids with high ranges of abrasives, which finally ends up in increased upkeep costs, put on on costly stators and rotors that will finally must be replaced, and overall larger buy, operating, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are some of the particular liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways in which some pump applied sciences can fall quick in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing extra produced water from the mine is a critical 24/7/365 operation and the water that’s recovered is usually filled with particulates that might be as large as 0.12 to zero.16 inches in size. If used on this software, centrifugal pumps require special materials of building, which can be price prohibitive, to protect towards impeller wear caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are also not dry-run capable, which adversely impacts their stage of efficiency in this utility.
General service: For widespread liquid-handling functions, you want an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip strains, operate at low speeds whereas nonetheless delivering excessive flow charges, and be simple to keep up and repair. Centrifugal pumps merely don’t possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted parts of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This usually calls for a necessity to make use of special mechanical seals, which might lead to exorbitant maintenance, repair, and alternative prices.
Press filter: Press filters are used to wash the liquids which are produced within the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall quick on this utility as a outcome of the solid-laden liquid can damage the pump’s internals unless special, costlier supplies of construction or linings are used. Also, the nature of press-filter operation creates a strong discharge-pressure variation that can force the centrifugal pump to operate away from its best efficiency point (BEP), resulting in high vibration and radial hundreds that can result in shortened service life. A solution to this is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, however these are expensive and may negatively have an result on the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This is available in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vans with new and used oil for the heavy equipment, recent and fouled water, and any chemical substances which are required. In every occasion, there is the risk that the pump might be forced to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, whereas discharge-pressure variation can even generate high vibration and radial masses. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps can’t run dry, so that they want protection from this condition or the addition of special seals. However, all of those upgrades nonetheless can not completely shield towards a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have confirmed to not be the most effective resolution in plenty of liquid-handling functions in mining, one pump technology that has confirmed to be an optimum alternative is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and security for mining personnel and the surroundings.
AODD pumps are in a place to carry out successfully in mining purposes as a end result of their technique of operation allows them to simply handle variable circulate charges and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble enough to transfer liquids which are shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, as nicely as slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump features few shifting elements and comparably decrease speeds than different pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies upkeep, while the pump’s seal-less building results in fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when dealing with the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids that are prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps are available in both metal (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and forged iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, whereas a wide selection of elastomers can be utilized in the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility concerns.
A broad number of AODD pump configurations present operational flexibility that may also lead to optimized efficiency at many levels. The ability to characteristic AODD pumps in a broad range of functions, from primary basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, allows operators to extra cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can additionally be more cost effective to function, especially those models that are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh operating situations found within the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents together with corresponding downtime and restore prices.
Specifically, Wilden, whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping precept sixty-five years in the past, has been devoted to growing technologies that meet the needs of mining operations. Today, Wilden provides three AODD pump fashions which are constructed to excel in mining functions, obtainable in ductile iron, cast iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar supplies of development:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which characteristic a bolted configuration, have been built to be used in functions that require the handling of liquids featuring giant solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge flow orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of enormous solids with no threat that damage will happen on account of product entrapment or the settling of solids within the pump’s inner move paths. Brahma pumps are available in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by up to 60 %. The T810 and T1510 fashions are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. pressure gauge หน้าปัด 2 นิ้ว -rate range for the four Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as 125 psi with solids-handling capability starting from 2 to three inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps feature a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design options massive inner clearances and flow-through paths for easy passage of enormous solids with no likelihood for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting further permits solids passage, whereas a polyurethane display base on the inlet will increase the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) fashions are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most strong ADS design for the toughest environments. Flow rates amongst the six models vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as much as a hundred twenty five psi. Solids sizes that may be dealt with range from half to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps function clamped or bolted configuration. Their design features different chamber supplies, together with metallic and plastics, even Kynar, which is capable of dealing with high ranges of abrasive materials. The Pro-Flo SHIFT can additionally be essentially the most efficient AODD pump in the market, capable of decreasing up to 60 percent air consumption. This makes it the most fitted choice for handling corrosive and abrasive products in mining processes. The pumps have a product range that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are able to be outfitted with a broad selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of materials, corresponding to Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range offers users the widest number of diaphragms on the market, all of which are capable of offering extended mean time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced upkeep, restore, and replacement costs.
All of those capabilities make AODD pumps the best selection for the aforementioned frequent liquid-handling purposes in mining: dewatering, basic service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and day by day product transfer.
In summary, Wilden AODD pumps are the best choice for mining purposes as a outcome of they offer appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead functionality, together with increased operational safety and a reduction in maintenance/repair costs that may be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps additionally outperform different AODD technologies in other significant methods: easy design with the bottom number of parts for faster, easier, and safer repairs and the bottom variety of spare elements to stock; recent improvements in materials of construction that increase the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency via using the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which finally ends in quicker product switch with decrease air consumption. Wilden additionally continues to innovate by way of the development of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, both of which improve service life and security while not compromising the handling of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a leading producer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He could be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of several main pump firms, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra info, go to or

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