Selection criteria for mechanical Thermometers (1): Response time

Selecting suitable mechanical thermometers for a process is not a quick task. Bimetal thermometers or gas-actuated thermometers ? your choice on the sort of thermometer alone depends on several factors. Probably the most important selection criteria is the response time of the measuring Instrument.
In terms of speed, there is absolutely no way around gas-actuated thermometers. As a rule of thumb, these thermometers take about 30 seconds for a temperature adjustment from 10�C to 90�C. A bimetal thermometer would display the same final value after 90 seconds. Sadistic to their short response times, gas-actuated thermometers are particularly suitable for integration into switching requirements.
The difference in speed is explained by the various functional principles of the two thermometer types ? unlike the bimetal thermometer (which uses the principle of different expansion coefficients), the measuring system of a gas-actuated thermometer is filled up with helium under pressure. Any change in temperature causes an instantaneous change in internal pressure in the stem. The pressure deforms the measuring tube and the deflection is transferred to the pointer via a movement.
Thermowells affect the response time
As with other measuring instruments, in critical processes, mechanical thermometers must also be combined with a thermowell. Relentless must be considered that this type of sleeve will also have an influence, to some extent significant, on the response time of the thermometer. To what extent, depends upon the material and wall thickness of the thermowell.
Note
Further information on mechanical thermometers are available on the WIKA website under the headings Dial thermometers and Thermometers with switch contacts.
See also our articles
Selection criteria for mechanical thermometers (2): process temperature
Selection criteria for dial thermometers (3): Capillary

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